How to Reduce Stress: Long-term Strategies


Your partner is upset with you, but you’re not sure why. The kids won’t stop making noise and your boss keeps piling on assignment after assignment. How do you feel? Stressed?

People have different stress triggers, and your levels of stress will depend on your personality and how you react to situations. For some, life and work stresses are small annoyances that don’t stop them from being happy. Other people worry themselves sick.


Stress isn’t Always Bad

It’s important to realise that stress is part of everyday life. The right kind of stress is useful! Without it, we’d never be motivated at work, care what our loved ones think, and we wouldn’t deal with dangerous situations.

One interesting study highlights the idea that stress is only a problem, if you perceive it that way. The negative effects of stress are evident, but only if you believe them to be. Or, as health and fitness professional Mark Sisson puts it, “Stressing over stress is what makes stress so stressful“.


Chronic Stress and Aging

Chronic stress is a grinding, unrelenting destructive force that wears people away over time. In addition to the damage chronic stress causes to relationships, careers and families, etc. it is also linked to accelerated ageing and has a significant impact on youth preservation.

When you learn how to identify stressors in your life, you have the opportunity to begin managing them. Stressors come in many forms and include big worries, such as money, career or relationship troubles. Smaller issues, like an endless to do list or a tiring commute can also build up over time.

I’m going to examine five useful ways to reduce the stress in your life, but it’s also important to acknowledge the role any kind of routine can play in stress management. Routine reduces the anxiety of the new. When you have fewer unpleasant surprises, you have less unexpected stress. Whichever stress relieving techniques you choose to incorporate into your life, focus on creating a long-term routine and stick to it.



Obviously, exercise increases your overall health, but it’s also a fantastic stress buster.

  • Physical movement helps increase the production of your brain’s feel-good chemicals, endorphins. Plus, concentrating on playing a sport or working out takes your mind off the day’s irritations and anxiety. Jogging, tennis, football, hiking – pick something you like to do, and get moving!
  • Exercise doesn’t have to mean a high-impact, full-on workout. You don’t need to be training for a triathlon, or powerlifting your way to glory. Take a break at work, walk around the office, run up a flight of stairs – a burst of physical activity gets your blood moving, expels excess adrenaline and brings immediate relief from a stressful situation.



Yoga is just one way to practice the concept of mindfulness. It’s one of the most effective, long-term strategies for reducing stress.

  • The beauty of yoga is its accessibility – almost anyone can do it. Yoga’s controlled breathing exercises and inventive physical poses are designed to increase strength and flexibility. Linked to yoga’s stress reducing effects is an ability to lower your blood pressure and heart rate.
  • Put it in your diary or mark it on your calendar. If you’re choosing yoga as a way to relax and unwind, it’s important to make it a regular part of your weekly schedule and stick to it.



At its most basic, meditation is simply taking a break from your daily activity and helping the mind to find peace and quiet. Meditation has been shown to improve mental alertness, and help people overcome various problems, such as anxiety, depression and more.

  • There are only three things you need to do to meditate correctly: Find a quiet space, close your eyes and breathe deeply, and detach your mind from the physical world. Meditations are excellent de-stressors because they can be customized to include whatever is most relevant for you.
  • Just like yoga, there are different types of meditation, but one of the most popular is mindfulness meditation, which helps us reduce stress by becoming more aware of our thoughts and feelings.
  • A few minutes of practice per day can help ease anxiety. “Research suggests that daily meditation may alter the brain’s neural pathways, making you more resilient to stress,” says psychologist Robbie Maller Hartman.


Nutrient-rich diet

Unhealthy stress and eating poorly are related. We often forget to eat well when we’re overwhelmed and resort to using sugary, fatty snack foods as a pick-me-up. Nutrients like trace minerals, healthy fats, electrolytes, essential vitamins, amino acids and antioxidants all help us handle stress better.


  • Plan ahead and try to avoid sugary snacks. Fruits, vegetables and nuts are smart choices, while eating fish high in omega-3 fatty acids reduces the symptoms of stress. Salmon, sardines and other cold-water fish can also reduce inflammation and are great for heart health.


  • Magnesium and Calcium are important for relieving headaches, relaxing muscles and helping you sleep. Make sure to get plenty of leafy greens and cruciferous veggies, like broccoli, kale and bok choi. An added anti-ageing benefit of cruciferous vegetables is their ability to reduce oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is the overload of harmful molecules called free radicals.



The ancient tradition of journaling dates back to at least 10th century Japan. When writing, you access your left brain, which is the rational and analytical side. Your right brain is free to feel, create and comprehend. Writing allows you to better understand yourself and the world around you.

  • A journal is an efficient, easy way to track your state of mind throughout the day, highlight moments that cause you stress and decipher what’s aggravating you when you’re unsure. Write your frustrations by hand and let your journal map out the reasons for your stress.
  • If you’re not sure where to start with your journal writing, you could always begin by creating a vision board. Simply write down your goals and place them on a board you look at every day. Use photographs and images to visually remind yourself of what’s important and how you want to feel. A vision board is a regular reminder of what you want to accomplish and a reflective tool to help reset your thoughts and emotions.
  • Journals can also help you stay organised. Making a note of job assignments, household responsibilities, and appointments will leave you feeling less frantic, and reduce stress.
  • Journals don’t necessarily have to focus on the stress and turmoil in your life. A gratitude journal helps you cancel out negative thoughts and worries by celebrating positive moments and experiences. All the little things count!